Multicultural Education Based in Local Wisdom of Indonesia for Elementary Schools in the 21st Century
Keywords:Education, multicultural, local wisdom, elementary school
Indonesia consists of a variety of tribes, religions, races, and groups that exist on islands that spread from Sabang to Merauke. The wealth of ethnic diversity in Indonesia should be an advantage to unite the nation, but the reality in the field of cultural gatherings raises new conflicts, based on increasing social conflict in the community. In 2013, there were 92 total conflicts, in 2014 here were 83 conflicts; and in 2015 in the middle quarter, social conflicts originating from ideology, politics, economics, and social culture amounted to 20 cases. Local wisdom in each community is a reflection of an integrated (holistic) philosophy of life. Citizenship learning models depend on teachers, who develop materials by integrating contexts with the values of the philosophy of local wisdom. These models can be interpreted as multicultural education based on local wisdom.