Lebanon: A Case of History Education in a Sectarian Society
Keywords:social studies, history education
This paper synthesizes the extant literature on history education in Lebanon. The sectarian nature of the country and the recent civil war make the case of Lebanon a unique and compelling one. Three emerging understandings underscore the complexity of history education in Lebanon. First, Lebanon has a tradition of parochial or confessional schools dating back to the hands-off approach of the Ottoman colonial powers. Second, the delay of a state-sanctioned national curriculum has paralyzed educators who have been left to piece together their own curriculum. Third, the political gridlock of the country continues to make history education a contentious topic.